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Roman Rosdolsky investigates the connection among quite a few models of Capital and explains the explanations for Marx’s successive reworking.

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54 This therefore represents yet another instance where use­value enters  into the process of capital as an economic factor. fifty five fifty one  'Ricardo regards the product of labour in respect of the worker only as use­value — only the part of the product which he needs to be able to live as a worker. But how it comes  about that the worker suddenly only represents use­value in the exchange, or only draws use­value from the exchange is by no means clear to him. ' (ibid. p. 551. ) fifty two  Cf. especially Chapters V, XII and XIII of Capital II. fifty three  Grundrisse, p. 685. Cf. Capital II, pp. 170–71. fifty four  Grundrisse, p. 692. fifty five  In this regard we should refer to the instruments of labour which, 'as capital united with the land', function in the form of factory buildings, railways, bridges, tunnels, docks etc. The  fact that such instruments of labour are 'localised, attached to the soil by their roots, assigns to this portion of fixed (footnote continued on next page)    Page 86 However, the role of use­value is seen most clearly in the reproduction process of aggregate social capital, as it is presented in Part III of Volume II of Capital. At the  beginning of this section Marx points out that as long as the analysis was simply one of the reproduction process of an individual capital (i. e. as in Volume 1), 'the  natural form of the commodity­product was completely irrelevant to the analysis . . . whether it consisted of machines, corn or mirrors'. In Volume I it was simply  'presupposed on the one hand that the capitalist sells the product at its value, and on the other that he finds within the sphere of circulation the objective means of  production for restarting the process'. For, 'the only act within the sphere of circulation on which we have dwelt was the purchase and sale of labour­power as the  fundamental condition of capitalist production'56 However, 'This merely formal57 manner of presentation is no longer adequate in the study of the aggregate social  capital', in the reproduction of which the problem is not merely the replacement of value, but also the replacement of material, and consequently everything depends on  the material shape, on the use­value of the value­product. fifty eight The same point is made in the Theories, the difference being that Marx expressly refers to the significance of use­value as an economic category: 'In considering  surplus­value as such, the original form of the product, hence of the surplus­product, is of no consequence. It becomes important when we consider the actual process  of reproduction, partly in order to understand its forms, and partly in order to grasp the influence of luxury production etc. on reproduction. '59 'Here', Marx stresses, 'is  another example of how use­value as such acquires economic significance. '60 (footnote continued from previous page) capital a peculiar role in the economy of nations. They cannot be sent abroad, cannot circulate as commodities in the world market. Title to this fixed capital may change, it may be  bought and sold, and to this extent may circulate ideally.

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