This publication provides the human hand from an total standpoint – from the 1st visual appeal of hand-like constructions within the fins of massive fishes dwelling thousands of years in the past to today´s and the future’s mind-controlled synthetic fingers.
Much concentration is given to the tremendous well-developed sensation of the hand, its value and its linkage to mind plasticity mechanisms. How can lively arms swiftly extend their representational quarter within the mind? How can the experience of contact alternative for different poor senses, resembling in Braille studying the place hand sensation substitutes for lacking imaginative and prescient? How can the mere statement of lively fingers, belonging to others, turn on the hand sector within the observer’s personal mind and what's the significance of this phenomenon for studying through imitation and the knowledge of different peoples’ activities, gestures and physique language? Why are a few of us left-handed and what are the implications from cultural and physiological viewpoints? Why does phantom sensation and phantom ache take place after hand amputation, and what do we do approximately it? Why can salamanders regenerate new extremities whereas people can't? Is it attainable to transplant a hand from a diseased person to an amputee? Can synthetic robot arms be managed via our brain, and will they ever achieve the position of an ordinary hand? What position did the hand and the mind play in the course of evolution in tool construction and improvement of language and cognitive capabilities? The hand has a excessive symbolic worth in faith, literature and paintings and our arms have a key position in gestures and physique language.
The Hand and the Brain is geared toward anyone with curiosity in existence sciences, within the clinical box specially hand surgeons, orthopaedic experts, neurologists and common practitioners, and people operating in rehabilitation drugs and soreness remedy. the unique Swedish model of The Hand and the mind has additionally turn into highly regarded between physiotherapists, occupational therapists, psychologists, and between a basic inhabitants with an curiosity in technological know-how.
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Additional resources for The Hand and the Brain: From Lucy's Thumb to the Thought-Controlled Robotic Hand
Berkeley: college of California Press; 1989. forty four How the Hand Generated Language three. Hickok G, Bellugi U, Klima ES. the foundation of the neural association for language: facts from signal language aphasia. Rev Neurosci. 1997;8(3–4):205–22. four. McGuire PK, Robertson D, Thacker A, David AS, Kitson N, Frackowiak RS, et al. Neural correlates of pondering in signal language. Neuroreport. 1997;8(3):695–8. five. Rizzolatti G, Sinigaglia C. Mirrors within the mind: how our minds proportion activities and feelings. Oxford: Oxford collage Press; 2008. 6. Zhang J, Webb DM, Podlaha O. speeded up protein evolution and origins of human-specific positive aspects: Foxp2 as an instance. Genetics. 2002;162(4):1825–35. 7. Vargha-Khadem F, Gadian DG, Copp A, Mishkin M. FOXP2 and the neuroanatomy of speech and language. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2005;6(2):131–8. eight. Dominguez MH, Rakic P. Language evolution: the significance of being human. Nature. 2009;462(7270):169–70. nine. Enard W, Przeworski M, Fisher SE, Lai CS, Wiebe V, Kitano T, et al. Molecular evolution of FOXP2, a gene concerned with speech and language. Nature. 2002;418(6900):869–72. bankruptcy five Handprints from the earlier summary fingers are usually represented in cave and cliff artwork present in numerous destinations around the globe. most advantageous are the handprints present in caves in southern Europe, essentially France and Spain in addition to Italy, Portugal, Germany and the Balkans. Handprints also are came across outdoors Europe, for example in Australia, North the United States and South the USA. the most typical are so-called unfavourable handprints, the place colored pigment has been sprayed round a hand put on a cliff wall to supply a ‘negative’ hand snapshot. In a few destinations, the pictures convey mutilated palms missing a number of arms. The which means of the hand photographs isn't transparent, yet they could were very important elements of non secular rituals. In Sweden fingers are usually depicted in rock carvings within the county of Bohuslän within the southwest half the rustic. A miraculous rock carving from the past due Bronze Age 3,000–3,500 years in the past, portraying a guy and a girl unified via a wide joint hand, symbolises ‘the sacred union’ among the god and goddess of fertility. This carving, like a good number of extra carvings on the web site, is roofed by way of heavy plants, making them to be had basically to some specialists within the box. what's the that means and symbolism of the work and handprints from the earlier which have been present in caves and on cliffs all over the world? the images are deeply attention-grabbing and tend to be of very excessive inventive caliber. The work are ruled via animal images, yet pictures of arms also are universal. The destinations the place cave and cliff paintings were stumbled on replicate our ancestors’ migration over the earth once they left the African continent at a while 50,000–60,000 years in the past. such a lot cave work displaying animal and hand motifs have been came across in southern Europe, particularly in France and Spain [1–3]. a lot of them have been came upon rather by chance. while Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola stumbled on the 1st work within the Altamira collapse Cantabria, Spain, in 1879, the specialists of the time believed they have been a falsification.