Download E-books The Bible in Arabic: The Scriptures of the 'People of the Book' in the Language of Islam (Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World) PDF

From the 1st centuries of Islam to good into the center a long time, Jews and Christians produced hundreds of thousands of manuscripts containing parts of the Bible in Arabic. until eventually lately, in spite of the fact that, those translations remained principally ignored by means of Biblical students and historians. In telling the tale of the Bible in Arabic, this booklet casts gentle on a vital transition within the cultural and non secular lifetime of Jews and Christians in Arabic-speaking lands.

In pre-Islamic occasions, Jewish and Christian scriptures circulated orally within the Arabic-speaking milieu. After the increase of Islam--and the Qur'an's visual appeal as a scripture in its personal right--Jews and Christians translated the Hebrew Bible and the Greek New testomony into Arabic for his or her personal use and as a reaction to the Qur'an's retelling of Biblical narratives. From the 9th century onward, a gradual movement of Jewish and Christian translations of the Hebrew Bible and New testomony crossed communal borders to persuade the Islamic world.

The Bible in Arabic deals a brand new body of reference for the pivotal position of Arabic Bible translations within the spiritual and cultural interactions among Jews, Christians, and Muslims.

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See additionally Irfan Shahid, “Byzantium and Kinda,” Byzantinische Zeitschrift fifty three (1960), pp. 57–73; idem, “Procopius and Kinda,” Byzantinische Zeitschrift fifty three (1960), pp. 74–78. 25 See Hainthaler, Christiliche Araber vor dem Islam, pp. 137–142; Ghada Osman, “Pre–Islamic Arab Converts to Christianity in Mecca and Medina: An research into the Arabic Sources,” The Muslim global ninety five (2005), pp. 67–80. 26 See Uri Rubin, “Jews and Judaism,” in Jane Dammen McAuliffe (ed. ), Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān (6 vols. ; Leiden: Brill, 2001–2006), vol. three, pp. 21 ff. 27 See Uri Rubin, “Children of Israel,” in Mc Auliffe, Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, vol. 1, pp. 303ff. 28 See Daniel A. Madigan, The Qurʾān’s Self-Image: Writing and Authority in Islam’s Scripture (Princeton, NJ: Princeton collage Press, 2001), esp. the excursus at the ‘People of the Book’, pp. 193–213. 29 See Rubin, “Children of Israel,” p. 304. 30 See particularly Christoph Luxenberg, Die syroaramäische Lesart des Koran: Ein Beitrag zur Entschlüsselung der Koransprache (2nd rev. ed. ; Berlin: Hans Schlier, 2004); English trans. , The Syro–Aramaic examining of the Koran: A Contribution to the interpreting of the Language of the Koran (ed. Tim Müke; Berlin: Hans Schiler, 2007). 31 for a fast survey of those issues, see Alfred–Louis de Prémare, Aux origines du Coran: Questions d’hier, approches d’aujourd’hui (L’Islam en débats; Paris: Téraèdre, 2007). 32 Patricia Crone, “What can we really find out about Mohammed? ” OpenDemocracy, June 10, 2008: http://www/opendemocracy. web. 33 The pioneering research of this subject is via Arthur Jeffery, The international Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Baroda: Oriental Institute, 1938). 34 See the handy survey of Ethiopian Christianity, together with the ‘crusade’ into South Arabia, with a wealthy bibliography, in Aloys Grillmeier, with Theresia Hainthaler, Christ in Christian culture (vol. 2, half four, trans. O. C. Dean; London and Louisville, KY: Mowbray and Westminster John Knox Press, 1996), “Christ in a brand new Messianic state: religion in Christ in Ethiopia,” pp. 293–392. 35 See Irfan Shahid, “Byzantium in South Arabia,” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 33 (1979), pp. 23–94. 36 See Shahid, Martyrs of Najrān. 37 See M. J. Kister, “The crusade of Ḥulubān: a brand new mild at the excursion of Abraha,” Le Muséon seventy eight (1965), pp. 425–436. 38 The record appears to be like within the biographical traditions touching on Muḥammad. See the account in William Montgomery Watt, Muhammad at Mecca (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1953), pp. 109–117. See additionally Wim Raven, “Some Early Islamic Texts at the Negus of Abyssinia,” magazine of Semitic experiences 33 (1988), pp. 197–218. 39 See, e. g. , Manfred Kropp, “Äthiopische Arabischen im Koran: Afroasiatische Perlen auf Band gereiht, einzein oder zu Paaren, diffuse verteilt oder an Glanzpunkten konzentriert,” in Markus Groß and Karl-Heinz Ohlig (eds. ), Schlaglichter: Die beiden ersten islamischen Jahrhunderte (Inârah, Band three; Berlin: Hans Schiler, 2008), pp. 384–410. See additionally T. Fahd, “Rapports de los angeles Mekke préislamique avec l’Abyssinie: le cas des Aḥâbîš,” in T.

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