By Elizabeth Jeffreys, John H. Pryor
This quantity examines the advance and evolution of the conflict galley often called the Dromon, and its relative, the Chelandion, from first visual appeal within the 6th century until eventually its supercession within the 12th century by way of the Galea constructed within the Latin West. starting as a small, fully-decked, monoreme galley, via the 10th century the Dromon had develop into a bireme, the pre-eminent warfare galley of the Mediterranean. The salient good points of those ships have been their two-banked oarage process, the spurs at their bows which changed the ram of classical antiquity, their lateen sails, and their fundamental weapon: Greek hearth. The publication contextualizes the technical features of the ships in the operational historical past of Byzantine fleets, logistical difficulties of medieval naval conflict, and strategic goals. Surviving Byzantine resources, specially tactical manuals, are subjected to shut literary and phiological research.
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Additional resources for The Age of the DROMON: The Byzantine Navy ca. 500-1204 (Volume LXII) (Brill Series on The Medieval Mediterranean: PEOPLES, ECONOMIES AND CULTURES, 400-1500)
133-42; Al Bakrı3, Kita2b al-mughrib, pp. 179, 205; Ibn alAthı3r, Al-Ka2mil (Fagnan), p. 257; Ibn ‘Idha2rı3, Al-baya2n al-mughrib, vol. 1, pp. 28995, vol. 2, pp. a hundred and seventy, 339, 363, 366, 369; Ibn Khaldu2n, Muqqadimah, vol. 2, p. forty. The be aware translated by means of Rosenthal as “vessels” is really mara2kib. one hundred twenty Al-Bakrı3, Kita2b al-mughrib, pp. 128-9, 158-9, 163. 121 Liudprand of Cremona, Antapodosis, I. 2-4, II. forty three, IV. four, V. 16-17 (pp. 5-6, 56-7, 104-5, 139); Ralph Glaber, Historiae, I. nine (pp. 20-23). See additionally Senac, Musulmans et Sarrasins. 70 bankruptcy ONE margraves of Tuscany, Ivrea, and Friuli, and the Dukes of Spoleto. The Magyars had already raided into northern Italy in 899-900 and 904-5 yet from 922 the total of the peninsula will be heavily disrupted via their raids, which recurred in 937, 940, and back in both 947 or 949, and which reached as a long way south as Apulia and Salerno. 122 whilst they raided into the Balkans, attaining Constantinople in 934. Their attacks have been halted in basic terms by means of their defeat through the Western Emperor Otto I on the conflict of the Lech in 955. In Sicily rule by means of Fa2t5imid amı3rs changed that of the Aghlabids from al-H4asan ibn Ah5mad in 910. even supposing indigenous revolts flared at times, from then until eventually 948 the amı3rs might almost always be Fa2t6imid appointees. Sicilian squadrons raided Calabria and the Basilicata in 925-6 and 929, regardless of the truce received in 914. 123 even though, by means of this time such Sicilian raids had turn into mere pin-pricks. extra threatening have been the exploits of Fa2t5imid squadrons. In 925 the h5a2jib Abu2 Ah5mad Ja‘far took the fleet to Apulia and sacked Bruzzano and Oria, taking many Jewish prisoners again to Ifrı3qiya. 124 Then, in 927, and probably back in 928 and 929, the Slavic amı3r S4a2bir sailed from al-Mahdiyya with forty four mara2kib. Taranto was once sacked, most likely in 928. In 935 they even sacked Genoa. a hundred twenty five Resistance to Fa2t6i mid makes an attempt to impose their hegemony over the powers of the Maghrib ended in a fight for effect among them and ‘Abd al-Rah5ma2n III, the Umayyad seizure of Melilla in 927 and Ceuta in 931 being a part of it. while an Umayyad send attacked and captured a Fa2t6imid one off Ifrı3qiya in 955, it ended in battle and the amı3r of Sicily, al-H4asan ibn ‘Alı3 al-Kalbı3, now again in Fa2t6imid provider, used to be ordered to take advantage of his fleet opposed to al-Andalus. He attacked Almeria and destroyed the Umayyad fleet there. In riposte an Umayyad fleet of 70 ships attacked Ifrı3qiya, sacking al-Kala, Su2sa, and T4abarqa. The Fa2t6imid Caliph al-Mu‘izz then despatched his common Jawhar al-S4aqlabı3 to -----------------------------122 Annales Barenses, Annus 949 (p. 53); Annales Beneventani, Annus 922 (p. 175); Leo Marsicanus, Chronica, I. fifty five (p. 619); Liudprand of Cremona, Antapodosis, II. 716, forty two, 61-2 (pp. 41-5, fifty six, 64-5); Lupus Protospatharios, Annales, Annus 947 (p. 54); Romuald of Salerno, Chronicon, pp. 165-6. 123 Ibn al-Athı3r, Al-Ka2m il (Fagnan), p. 320; Ibn ‘Idha2rı3, Al-baya2n al-mughrib, vol. 1, p. 301. 124 Chronicle of Cambridge, pp. 42-3, 72-3; Ibn ‘Idha2rı3, Al-baya2n al-mughrib, vol.