By Elliott Abrams
This publication tells the total within tale of the Bush management and the Israeli-Palestinian clash. Written via a best nationwide protection Council officer who labored on the White residence with Bush, Cheney, and Rice and attended dozens of conferences with figures like Sharon, Mubarak, the kings of Jordan and Saudi Arabia, and Palestinian leaders, it brings the reader contained in the White residence and the palaces of heart jap officers. How did 9-11 swap American coverage towards Arafat and Sharon's tricky efforts opposed to the second one Intifada? What effect did the Saudis have on President Bush? Did the yankee method swap while Arafat died? How did Sharon choose to get out of Gaza, and why did the peace negotiations fail? within the first publication through an management legit to target Bush and the center East, Elliott Abrams brings the tale of Bush, the Israelis, and the Palestinians to existence.
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Extra info for Tested by Zion: The Bush Administration and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
All of us realized a lesson from what Clinton went via, Bush further. We have been lifeless within the water, acknowledged Rice. Now, this can be the 1st withdrawal in view that 1967 apart from Sinai, and it's a sea swap, and all of us need to retain our eyes at the significant photo and realize what's occurring. this can be a precedent for destiny withdrawals. They then defined to Mubarak that during a letter to Sharon, to be introduced whilst he visited the White residence, there will be robust language approximately Palestinian refugees: they'd be anticipated to settle within the Palestinian kingdom, now not “return” to Israel. Mubarak stated a subject like that are meant to be left to negotiations, yet Bush driven again: we're now in desire of constructing a Palestinian nation, we replaced the coverage, and we need to say why. Why create a Palestinian country? this can be the reply – it's a position for the refugees to move. Sharon wishes anything from us, and he will get a press release. Later, Mubarak could bitch that he had now not been informed what used to be coming, yet that was once fake. He needed to declare lack of knowledge, we on the NSC inspiration, to flee any accusation that he have been totally proficient yet detached or insufficiently influential to prevent Bush. by the point Sharon arrived, the textual content of the April 14 letter used to be approximately whole, as used to be the letter we demanded of Sharon. after they met, Bush didn't negotiate information with Sharon; he used to be extra attracted to studying how Sharon the political chief had come to the choice to disengage. He nonetheless believed the Roadmap was once how one can move within the long-term, Sharon responded, yet within the earlier yr he had obvious a stalemate and a vacuum improve. there has been not anyone with whom to barter. It was once harmful, so he made up our minds to attempt anything new: I’m an outdated soldier, i attempted the Roadmap, it did not flow, so i made a decision on a detour. As he had stated in Aqaba, Israel shouldn't be ruling thousands of Palestinians. Disengagement is the start of a procedure, now not the tip of the Roadmap, he acknowledged; we will be able to constantly return to the Roadmap later. The Arabs are asserting that we'll commence in Gaza and result in Gaza, yet that is not my purpose, Sharon advised Bush. as soon as the Palestinians begin struggling with terror, and Arafat is long past, we will be able to proceed with the Roadmap. (Bush then reminded Sharon of his repeated insistence to the Israelis that they completely now not assassinate Arafat, regardless of the provocation. In Bush's view, this sort of circulate might simply inflame Arab opinion and bring about demonstrations and rioting around the Arab global, a few of which might be aimed toward imagined American complicity within the killing. ) i'm insisting that disengagement isn't really a part of the Roadmap, Sharon endured, simply because i do not wish someone to assert we've got deserted the Roadmap now. you have not deserted it and this can be tips to jump-start it, Bush spoke back; this is often genuine management. The president was once acutely aware, as have been all of us, of the accusations that Sharon was once taking part in this “peace card” to flee police investigations at domestic. We have been additionally conscious of one other cynical interpretation of his activities: that he had no purpose to maneuver ahead in Gaza and was once easily deciding to buy time.