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This e-book bargains a close and engaging photograph of the wonderful astronomical wisdom on which the Roman calendar, normally attributed to the king Numa Pompilius (reign 715-673 B.C.), was once dependent. this information, of Mesopotamian origins, similar regularly to the planetary events and to the prevalence of eclipses within the sun procedure. the writer explains the Numan 12 months and cycle and illustrates basically how astronomical phenomena exerted a robust effect over either private and non-private existence. a chain of concise chapters learn the dates of the Roman gala's, describe the comparable rites and myths and position the gala's in terms of the planetary hobbies and astronomical occasions. designated reference is made to the events of the moon and Venus, their relation to the language of fantasy, and the actual value that Venus was once thought of to have for woman fertility. The ebook sincerely demonstrates the intensity of astronomical wisdom mirrored within the Roman spiritual calendar and the unique festive days. it is going to allure either to discovered connoisseurs and to amateurs with a selected curiosity within the topic.

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179 Figures Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. 1. 1 2. 1 eight. 1 eight. 2 eight. three eight. four eight. five eight. 6 Fig. nine. 1 Fig. nine. 2 Fig. nine. three Fig. nine. four Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. nine. five nine. 6 nine. 7 nine. eight nine. nine nine. 10 nine. eleven nine. 12 nine. thirteen nine. 14 nine. 15 nine. sixteen Mars and Rhea Silvia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The month of April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fortuna/Tyche . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . the 3 Graces, or Fortuna and her handmaidens . . . . . The moon waxing and waning over a whole lunation. . . . The planet Venus because the night big name, Vesper . . . . . . . . . . Venus Callipyge posing as Fortuna Respiciens . . . . . . . . . the obvious movement of Venus among November 1957 and April 1958 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The movement of Venus round the sunlight considered from the Earth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The movement of Venus round the sunlight considered from the Earth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a sequence of 12 next durations of Venus’s visual appeal . next periods of Venus’s visual appeal because the night famous person, eight years aside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Venus pentagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Venus pentagram in an ideographic Script. . . . . . . . . The Venus pentagram subsequent to a nude girl divinity . . . . The Venus pentagram on a Minoan seal . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Venus pentagram on an hydria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Venus pentagram in a matrimonial surroundings (? ) . . . . . . Venus pentagram in a bellicose atmosphere . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Venus pentagram on a jewel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Venus pentagram on an askos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Venus pentagram and a gold myrtle wrath. . . . . . . . . The Venus pentagram on an Chian jar neck . . . . . . . . . . . The Venus pentagram on a Roman Hellenistic coin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 6 28 28 29 29 30 .. 31 .. 34 .. .. 34 36 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 38 39 39 39 forty forty forty forty-one forty-one forty-one forty two forty two . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiii xxiv Fig. 10. 1 Fig. 10. 2 Fig. 10. three Fig. 10. four Fig. thirteen. 1 Fig. thirteen. 2 Fig. thirteen. three Fig. thirteen. four Fig. thirteen. five Fig. thirteen. 6 Fig. thirteen. 7 Fig. thirteen. eight Fig. thirteen. nine Fig. thirteen. 10 Fig. thirteen. eleven Fig. sixteen. 1 Fig. 17. 1 Fig. 17. 2 Fig. 18. 1 Fig. 18. 2 Fig. 18. three Fig. 19. 1 Fig. 19. 2 Fig. 21. 1 Figures The nuptials of Heracles and Hebe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Secundus and Projecta marriage ceremony casket . . . . . . . . . . . . . the dual temples of Fortuna and Mater Matuta: a Republican period reconstruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mater Matuta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . sun and Lunar eclipses—from Johannes de Sacrobosco (John of Holywood), Sphaera Mundi, Venice 1490 . . . . . . . . sun eclipse. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . levels of the sunlight eclipse that happened on 24 October 1995, photographed through G. Vanin . . . . . . . . . . Lunar eclipse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . stages of the whole lunar eclipse that happened on 17 October 1986, photographed by means of C. Zanandrea . . . . . . . The lunar nodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . while no eclipse happens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The retrograde revolution of the lunar nodes alongside the ecliptic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The so-called ‘‘Saros-Canon’’, a Babylonian capsule courting from the 3rd century BCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . next lunar eclipses obvious from North Europe, anticipated among the years 1538 and 1570—from Petrus Apianus (Peter Bienewitz), Cosmographia, Paris 1551 .

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