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Additional resources for Spirals: The Whirled Image in Twentieth-Century Literature and Art (Modernist Latitudes)
And Yeats’s “pern”—Sligo-ese for “spool. ”116 The parenthetical comment approximately “the loss of life he has lived via” turning into “the existence he's to die into” definitely refers to Yeats’s often-repeated paraphrase of Heraclitus—living every one other’s demise, loss of life every one other’s life—through which he describes the interpenetrating spirals of A imaginative and prescient. Lapis lazuli (referenced within the word “lazily eye of his lapis”) used to be a determine linked via Yeats in his poetry with construction and destruction and hence with the working of the gyres. 117 eventually, the diagram itself, with its invocation of ALP’s genitals, is the same to Yeats’s quasi-mathematical diagrams in A imaginative and prescient. whereas the references to Yeats pile up within the pages-long description of the diagram—“circumscript a cyclone”; “dunloop into eath the ocher”; “nether nadir is vertically the place . . . its naval’s napex must beandbe”; “whereapool”; and, finally, in a mixture of Yeats and Vico, “Gyre O, gyre O, gyrotundo! Hop lala”118—what it really is in particular very important to acknowledge is how Joyce undermines Yeats’s civilizational worldview. One transparent instance of this parodic undermining is within the collision among those Yeats references and idioms of blackness. The expression “Given now ann linch you're taking an all,” embedded within the passage that instantly follows the diagram, is immediately a parody of a German-accented geometry professor, an outline of the width of ALP’s vagina (measuring from Aα to λL), and an invocation of the apocryphal announcing “Give a nigger an inch and he’ll take an ell,” chanced on either within the Autobiography of Frederick Douglass, to explain a slave owner’s resistance to his wife’s educating Douglass to learn the Bible, and in Huck’s criticism a few by surprise free-talking Jim in Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, that's later within the schoolroom episode often called “Hurdlebury Fenn. ” right here, the racist word is complex considerably by way of the alteration that reads “Given now ann linch,” invoking the dismal DUCH A M P, JOYCE , A ND T H E V I S I B I L I T Y O F EN T RO PY 15 five background of lynching to punish African American suspects in vigilante justice. 119 That Charles Lynch, who gave the identify to those extrajudicial hangings, was once descended from an Irish indentured servant might definitely were of curiosity to Joyce. in the meantime, “darkies ding in dewood” turns out to reference both “savage” Africans or American slaves making a song within the woods, whereas additionally mimicking the meant sound of yankee black speech in addition to announcing the German be aware for “thing” (ding), very important for a phenomenologically vulnerable arithmetic. because the unique description, ostensibly provided through her personal young children, of ALP’s nether areas and their varied elements’ services maintains, this topic of blackness returns in different guises: . . . fastness enterprise of Hurdlebury Fenn, precise and isoplural in its (your sow to the duble) sixuous elements, flument, fluvey and fluteous, midden wedge of the stream’s your muddy previous triagonal delta, fiho miho, undeniable for you presently, appia lippie pluvaville, (hop the hula, women!