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Additional info for Roman Polanski: The Cinema of a Cultural Traveller
Between his favorite motion pictures he lists such classics in this subject matter as Michael Powell’s Peeping Tom (1960) and Alfred Hitchcock’s Rear Window (1954) (see Polański 1980: 14–15). the subject of snooping was once brought into Polanski’s cinema nearly as early because the motif of violence: within the brief Teethful Smile, made whilst he used to be a scholar at Łód´z movie college. Spying is usually essentially the most enduring narrative and visible motifs in his movies, really very important in such motion pictures as Chinatown, Dance of the Vampires, sour Moon, What? , Tess and The Tenant. in contrast to Powell or Hitchcock, who hyperlink voyeurism with psychological affliction, Polanski perceives it as a common trait. between his voyeurs we discover women and men, sadists and masochists, oppressors and sufferers, even animals. ordinarily, observing, looking at, snooping doesn't represent energy, yet powerlessness. Take, for example, the horrified Szpilman relations within the Pianist who from in the back of the window curtains see an invalid being thrown out of the other window via a gaggle of German policemen. furthermore, peeping is usually a reciprocal job – the item of voyeuristic looking at has a tendency to come the gaze. it kind of feels as though no one is immune both from the temptation of snooping or from the chance of being checked out; the area is an enormous panopticon. one other specificity of Polanski’s angle to voyeurism is his concept that power taking a look or spying doesn't warrantly any privileged touch with truth. to the contrary, Polanski’s such a lot ardent voyeurs make primary error and are punished. The clearest instance is Jake ‘J. J. ’ Gittes in Chinatown, who regardless of relentless looking at, frequently via binoculars, in addition to utilizing assistants who undercover agent on his behalf, is not able to arrive a sound end approximately any of the problems he investigates. through recognising the universality 20 THE AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL influence within the CINEMA OF POLANSKI of the libido videndi and demonstrating that seeing or maybe seeing completely doesn't have the funds for the voyeur any epistemological privileges, in a postmodern model Polanski scorns his personal occupation and himself as a filmmaker. Polanski loves to depict subjective visions – his digital camera is frequently pointed out with the attention of the protagonist. this is often the case in Repulsion, The Tenant and Chinatown. this kind of equipment is conducive to attaining an autobiographical impact. despite the fact that, as already famous, the director frequently indicates that his protagonist’s view of the area is inaccurate. hence we adventure a distance among the most character’s imaginative and prescient and that of the filmmaker, which hinders any id of the 2 and weakens the autobiographical influence. equally, while voice-over narration is used, as in Macbeth or sour Moon, what's acknowledged makes us conscious that the narrators do not need authorial authority. for instance, Oscar’s pompous and kitschy form of describing his relation with Mimi makes us acutely aware that Polanski treats this determine with a good quantity of contempt, combined with pity. hence Oscar can't be his actual regulate ego, yet much more likely a repository for the vices attributed to the director by way of the media.