By Alexander J. Fisher
Music, Piety, and Propaganda: The Soundscapes of Counter-Reformation Bavaria explores the character of sound as a robust but ambivalent strength within the spiritual struggles that permeated Germany through the Counter-Reformation. writer Alexander J. Fisher is going past a musicological remedy of composers, kinds, and genres to envision how song, and extra commonly sound itself, formed the aural panorama of Bavaria because the duchy emerged as a militant Catholic bulwark. Fisher focuses fairly at the ways that sound--including bell-ringing, gunfire, and renowned tune, in addition to cultivated polyphony--not in simple terms used to be deployed by way of Catholic secular and clerical elites to form the non secular identities of Bavarian topics, but in addition carried the capability to problem and undermine confessional barriers.
Surviving literature, archival records, and tune illustrate the ways that Bavarian experts and their allies within the Catholic clergy and orders deployed sound to underline an important theological modifications with their Protestant antagonists, significantly the cults of the Virgin Mary, the Eucharist, and the saints. professional and renowned rituals like divine worship, processions, and pilgrimages all featured distinct sounds and track that formed and mirrored an rising Catholic identification. even supposing officers imposed a critical regime of non secular surveillance, the Catholic state's dominance of the soundscape used to be infrequently guaranteed. Fisher strains archival resources that exhibit the resilience of Protestant vernacular tune in Bavaria, the dissemination and function of forbidden, anti-Catholic songs, the presence of Lutheran chorales in nominally Catholic church companies into the overdue sixteenth century, and the endurance of renowned "noise" extra regularly. Music, Piety, and Propaganda hence unearths old, theological, and cultural problems with the interval during the piercing measurement of its sounds, bringing into concentration the import of sound as a strategic cultural device with major influence at the circulation of history.
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Extra info for Music, Piety, and Propaganda: The Soundscapes of Counter-Reformation Bavaria (New Cultural History of Music)
Because the procession reached the center of the church, “trumpets and drums by surprise started to ring out with a festive clangor from the galleries [ex odeo], alternating backward and forward. ” The solemn provider that started with the making a song of 5 exact choirs, augmented with all demeanour of tools. sixty three the complete used to be by way of a grand ceremonial dinner for a few 1500 humans, and eventually through the climactic open-air drama Triumphus Divi Michaelis Archangeli, an sixty one sixty two sixty three See Brenninger, Orgeln in Altbayern, 47–78. Haub, “Georgius Victorinus und der Triumphus Divi Michaelis Archangeli Bavarici,” 79–80; see additionally Barbara Bauer and Jürgen Leonhardt, eds. , Triumphus divi Michaelis Archangeli Bavarici. Triumph des Heiligen Michael, customer Bayerns. München, 1597. Einleitung, textual content und Übersetzung, Kommentar (Regensburg: Schnell & Steiner, 2000), 18. From “Historia Collegij Monachiensi[s] ab anno 1587 advert 1632,” pp. 73–75, BayHStA, Jesuitica 2268, qtd. in Bauer and Leonhardt, eds. , Triumphus divi Archangeli Bavarici, 22–24. See prolonged Reference 2. 24. s o u n d oxfordhb-9780199764648. indd fifty three a n d t h e s p a c e s o f w o r s h i p | fifty three 10/28/2013 10:35:47 PM eight-hour theatrical spectacle regarding a few 900 contributors that allegorized the triumph of Catholicism over its enemies and the designated confessional position performed by way of the Wittelsbach residence (see additional dialogue in chapter 4). sixty four different Jesuit church buildings celebrated their consecrations with large-scale track to boot, if no longer on a scale akin to that of St. Michael. In Landshut, for instance, the consecration of St. Ignatius on November 25, 1640, observed the functionality of the hymn Te Deum laudamus the former night; the subsequent morning, after the suffragan bishop of Freising had consecrated the entire church’s altars, he “made the sacrifice of the Host to God within the nice corridor [i. e. , nave], which is never performed during this position, and with an unheard-of multitude of voices and tools making concord, lots of which have been summoned from Munich. ”65 With the awesome visible and aural personality of those ceremonies the Jesuits created a particular house, one who joined clergy and laity jointly in a sensuous adventure of the sacral. Cathedral, Collegiate, and Parish church buildings within the Age of Tridentine Reform The church buildings of the Jesuits, and St. Michael particularly, have been robust types for the tested church hierarchy, which alternately feared the Society’s turning out to be impact in Bavaria and imitated its instance within the visible and aural embellishment of its cathedral, collegiate, and parish church buildings. The Wittelsbach dukes, too, supplied robust impetus for the reform of worship areas. A telling degree was once Maximilian I’s mandate in 1613 that every one choir displays in Bavarian church buildings be torn down, allowing the laity to monitor the party of the liturgy with out difficulty. sixty six this could have average sixty four sixty five sixty six See the vast examine of this paintings in Bauer and Leonhardt, eds. , Triumphus divi Archangeli Bavarici, in addition to the additional dialogue in chapter 4.