By Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie
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Extra info for Montaillou : Cathars and Catholics In A French Village 1294 - 1324
They have to frequently have slept bare. Arnaud Sicre tells how one evening, at San Mateo, he shared a mattress with Belibaste. The informer notes that Belibaste took off his blouse yet no longer his underpants, an commentary that means that Arnaud himself used to be much less prudish and had taken off all his outfits (ii. three 1, 3J). So the population of Montaillou took off their linen at evening. They even replaced it occasionally ! At enormous periods, Pierre Maury had a transformation of blouse delivered to him within the pastures via his brother Arnaud. the actual fact struck him as sufficiently impressive to be integrated in his deposition (ii. 34, 18 1). yet we won't say how frequently humans replaced, or washed, their outfits. Raymonde Arsen, a servant maid with the Belots, used to scrub the garments of the parfaits, and maybe additionally these of her employers. 1 The shepherds Pierre Maury and Guillaume Maurs, regardless of their hereti cal sympathies, on a regular basis made the signal of the go over their meals ahead of consuming. (Even this day many French peasants 'cross' a loaf with the purpose in their knife ahead of slicing it. ) yet no longer all people did this: Bernard Oergue, the bayle, a guy strongly marked by means of heresy, refused. So did Guillaume Belibaste, who observed himself as a parfait. yet so com mon was once the gesture of blessing nutrients one of the uncomplicated peasants and shepherds that Belibaste, as an outstanding Cathar, made a round gesture over 1 i. 376. Oothes have been definitely thought of beneficial. Jean Maury walked for numerous days over mountainous kingdom to carry Belibaste (who hence turns out to have wearing reach-me-downs) the patched-up clothing of a useless buddy (ili. 172). one hundred forty four AN ARCHAEOLOGY OF MONTAI LLOU the bread he used to be approximately to consume rather than the conventional signal of the pass (ii. 181, 283). humans additionally crossed themselves earlier than going to mattress. And purely an out and-out heretic like Bernard Oergue may refuse this easy gesture (ii. 28J). in an effort to mock a few apocalyptic prophecy heard at the bridge at Tarascon, Arnaud de Savignan, a stonemason and ambitious philosopher, gave a flick of the wrist comparable to we nonetheless make at the present time (i. 161): He grew to become his surrender in derision. This was once one of many purposes he used to be convicted for heresy. An obscene gesture, which has come down in the course of the a while, con sisted in extraordinary one hand opposed to the opposite, or one hand opposed to a fist, to represent the sexual act. Raymond Segui, a villager of Tignac within the top valley of the Ariege, relates (ii. 1 2o) : 'Do you understand how Goil was once made ? ', I requested Raymond de l'Aire, ofTignac. 'God was once made fucking and shilling,' spoke back Raymond de I'Aire, and as he acknowledged those phrases he struck one hand opposed to one other. 'Those are depraved words,' I responded. 'You must be killed for announcing such issues. ' Underlying physique language and gestures is emotion - and the sign in has lots to assert approximately love. For the shepherds, lifestyles was once celibate except transitority unions; simply sometimes they may have a girl, occasionally considered as a whore, both within the pastures or the city. yet within the village of Montaillou itself, kin among have been certainly complicated, together with each attainable number of marriage and concubinage.