By Jessica Priestley
In a sequence of literary reports, Priestley explores many of the earliest historical responses to Herodotus' Histories during the extant written checklist of the early and heart Hellenistic interval. Responses to the Histories have been wealthy and sundry, and the diversity of Hellenistic writers responding in several how you can Herodotus' paintings is partially a mirrored image of the Histories'own large scope. The Histories remained correct during this later age and persevered to talk meaningfully to a large diversity of readers lengthy after Herodotus' death.
Herodotus and Hellenistic tradition explores various discourses the place Herodotus occupies an immense position within the highbrow history, and, particularly, it attracts realization to writers no longer often categorised as historians so that it will expand our views on Herodotus' cultural significance. via discussions of up to date discourse in relation to, for example, the Persian Wars, geography, the wondrous, aesthetics, literary variety, and biography, it nuances our realizing of ways historic readers reacted to and appropriated the Histories to serve their very own designated rhetorical objectives. the amount additionally contributes to scholarship that reappraises the very time period 'Hellenistic', drawing consciousness to either diachronic continuities and synchronic diversity.
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Extra info for Herodotus and Hellenistic Culture: Literary Studies in the Reception of the Histories
29 post-mortem, in spite of the fact that, remains to be vital in lots of of Herodotus’ wonder-narratives, and verbs of imaginative and prescient are one other rhetorical skill in which the truth of a thōma is usually bolstered. 30 it's worthy noting right here that the ancients etymologically associated the Greek observe for ‘wonder’ with the foundation of the observe for ‘seeing’ (Łå-). 31 Already in 24 25 Hunzinger (1995), 51–2. Hunzinger (1995), sixty seven. Cf. Hartog (1988), 230–7, on ‘The degree of Thoma’. 27 Hartog (1988), 235. For the word ‘great ask yourself’ (ŁÆFìÆ ìÝªÆ), see Homer, Il. thirteen. ninety nine, 15. 286, 20. 344, 21. fifty four, Od. 19. 36; and Hesiod, Scut. 218. 28 at the confusion of precision with accuracy in a few historic writers, see Lloyd (1987), 280–1. 29 Cf. Thuc. 1. 10. 1–3. On post-mortem in Thucydides, see Marincola (1997), 67–8. 30 Mette (1961); Hunzinger (1995), sixty seven; Schepens (1980), 50. 31 Mette (1961); Fantuzzi and Hunter (2004), 60. 26 58 Herodotus and Hellenistic tradition Homer and Hesiod the hyperlink of suggestion is crystallized within the formulation thauma idesthai, ‘a ask yourself to behold’. 32 Many thōmata in Herodotus are forms of visible spectacles, specifically from distant places, and at one aspect Herodotus feedback explicitly that, in his view, extremes of attractiveness and rarity (ôa ŒÜººØóôÆ . . . ŒÆd óðÆíØþôÆôÆ) (both of that are stimuli for ask yourself) are to be stumbled on on the extremities of the earth (Æƒ KóåÆôØÆd ïYŒÆóØ) (3. 116. 3). Herodotus’ narrative on numerous events turns out to presuppose an viewers expectation description of thōmata can be incorporated in descriptions of international lands,33 and there are a number of examples of vacationer or vacationer kind ﬁgures within the Histories watching thōmata. 34 it isn't merely the visible which falls in the wondrous diversity, notwithstanding. issues heard is usually a resource of wonder—such because the cries of animals, overseas languages, amazing phrases, and incredible tradition35—and so can also highbrow paradoxes (4. 129). The narration of thōmata within the Histories turns out to operate as a consciously rhetorical technique of catching and conserving the audience’s cognizance. 36 Herodotus often adopts the rhetorical manoeuvre of saying upfront that he intends to recount a thōma, utilizing destiny demanding verbs comparable to ‘I shall inform of ’, ‘I shall explain’, and ‘it could be instructed’ (KæÝø, çæÜóø, åNæÞóåôÆØ) to create anticipation and suspense. 37 occasionally the narrative will concentrate on numerous thōmata, every one defined in succession, which has an analogous impact of elevating the audience’s anticipation because the checklist proceeds: this narrative method is clear particularly in Herodotus’ descriptions of the monuments of Egypt and the wonders of Arabia. 38 Unmarked wonders there's a huge physique of fabric within the Histories which, whether it's not explicitly marked as such (through phrases corresponding to thōma and its 32 33 See additional: Mette (1961), esp. 49–54. 1. ninety three, 2. 35, four. eighty two. The Fish-Eaters (3. 20ff. ), Darius (4. 85), Periander’s envoy to Thrasyboulus (5. 92), Xerxes (7. 128), Xerxes’ envoy to the Lacedaemonian camp (7. 208). 35 Hunzinger (1995), 50 n. 23.