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Eight the cause of this can be really uncomplicated. as long as the blood brotherhoods and thetr higher firms, the tribes, shape the framework of poltttcallife, conventional institutions, the antiquity of households, and the sanctity of religwus ties among households and people are unavoidably robust forces m the course of conservatism. In certam states the place no wch holiday with the previous was once made as happened in Athens-in Cormth, Megara, and Sicyon, for mstance-the transition from an aristocracy to an oligarchy of wealth, notwithstanding punctuated by means of sessions o'f dictatorship, is well made. four In different states, corresponding to Thessaly, Boeotia, and Sparta, the place the conventional blood ties additionally remamed undissolved, the aristocracy remained as a feudallandholdmg governing type. in basic terms in Athens, the place the conventional forces of kin, blood, and faith have been T 35 GREEK POLITICAL thought at a unmarried blow depnved of political btgnificancc, dtd a real political democracy develop up out of the older association. within the few different democratic states m Greece, the democracies had just about all come into being because the results of outstde and mually Atheman pre~sure and for this reason dtd now not count number, psychologically, within the eyes of therr oGreek contemporaries. ~ for this reason why Pericles proclaims so proudly that hts kingdom has a structure which doesn't envy that of others yet IS a version for them. o this is why Alcibiade& assaults democracy, m his speech at Sparta, as "acknowledged lunacy. " 7 It was once a thmg nearly designated and Athenian in fifth-century Greece. 2 it truly is idle to claim that the diversities among the Atheni. ln democracy and our twentieth-century Anglo~American or Conti~ nental models are or 3 or 4. the big dimension and complexity of a modem country make numerous the numerous ameliorations among us. however it is maybe precise adequate to assert recollection of 2 or 3 awesome political ameliorations among the Athenians and ourselves is helping a scholar efTect! Vely m imagming himself into their political existence. the 1st is a philosophical distinction. The Athenians had no longer created their democracy within the identify of the umversal equality of guy, because the american citizens or because the French did, nor did they even recognize the common applicability of democratic rules, because the British have occasionally performed during alterations of their constitutional heritage. Athenian democracy remained, as Pericles stated, a version for out of doors imitatton; however the Athenians dtd no longer consider constt·ained to do something approximately spreading tt, ex~ cept as an instt·ument of political usefulness overseas. That tht~ final now and then turned a huge issue we all know. Diodotus, in opposmg Clean's proposition agamst the folks of Mitylcne, says that severity opposed to the complete inhabitants of an issue country within the Atheman confederacy will outcome m the lack of attractiveness for the Athenian demos one of the universal humans of this country 36 THUCYDIDES AND ATHENIAN DEMOCRACY or different state5. ~ And he himself publicizes that this can be a tremendous mfluence m mamtainmg Atheruan keep watch over.

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