Download E-books Greek Medicine from Hippocrates to Galen: Selected Papers (Studies in Ancient Medicine) PDF

This quantity makes to be had for the 1st time in English translation a variety of Jacques Jouanna's papers on medication within the Graeco-Roman global. The papers conceal greater than thirty years of Jouanna s scholarship and diversity from the early beginnings of Greek medication to past due antiquity. half One experiences the ways that Greek drugs is said to its ancient and cultural historical past (politics, rhetoric, drama, religion). half reviews a couple of salient positive aspects of Hippocratic medication, comparable to dietetics, theories of health and wellbeing and illness and ideas of psychosomatic interplay, on the subject of Greek philosophical suggestion. half 3 reports the reception of Hippocratic medication, particularly scientific ethics and the speculation of the 4 humours, in Galen and in past due antiquity."

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354,15–17 L. = p. 60,23–25 Grens. hippocrates and the sacred 103 similar to, in line with Oedipus, the seer is unaware of the artwork of divination, so, in keeping with Hippocratic medication, healers that sacralised the sickness are absolutely blind to the paintings of drugs. simply as Oedipus needs to discover the deception of the seer that acts with hidden crafty to lie to him, the Hippocratic writer denounces the imposture of healers that use the divine to lie to sufferers. the relationship among a speech added by means of a personality in a theatrical play, who speaks in a healthy of anger (as the refrain we could us recognize (line 405)), and the speech of a scientist who defends a rational perception of medication, casts new mild at the passionate polemic that the rationalist medical professionals fixed opposed to supporters of magico-religious medication. the writer of The Sacred disorder is so forceful in his feedback simply because his adversaries have been extra major than we'd imagine. In a interval within which the scientific occupation used to be now not assured by means of titles, and the neighborhood of voters, excited about conventional faith and conversant in listening to concerning the therapeutic gods within the theatre, recruited public medical professionals in a democratic urban equivalent to Athens within the people’s meeting, the contest among enlightened medical professionals, delicate to the pursuits of the sufferer and people of the charlatans, who profited from peoples’ superstition and lack of knowledge, can be as full of life because the contention among seers and medical professionals. in addition, whereas denouncing his adversaries’ overall lack of awareness of the artwork, the writer of The Sacred illness recognises that they have got a undeniable skill either to conceal their lack of information and to seem an expert. to conceal their lack of expertise, they blame the gods whilst a sufferer dies, yet take complete credits while the sufferer is cured. which will seem to own an outstanding wisdom, they draw on quite a few and varied abilities. the writer makes use of a selected vocabulary to qualify this crafty behaviour of his adversaries: ‘contriving’ (µηχανάοµαι), ‘trickery’ (τεχνάοµαι, τέχνηµα), ‘embellishment’ (ποικίλλω) and ‘forgery’ (προσποιέοµαι). Such abilities are used either within the prognosis and within the remedy, even supposing the easiest recognized drawback the therapy: those remedies at the same time mix magico-religious perform (such as purifications and incantations), which rational drugs condemns, with nutritional prohibitions, known as basic via rational medication. much less recognized, yet maybe extra revealing in their skill, are the delicate differences that they make within the analysis, as testified by means of one more very fascinating passage from The Sacred sickness: If the sufferer imitates a goat, grinds his the teeth, or has convulsions on his correct part, they are saying that the mum of the gods is accountable; if he speaks in a sharper and extra severe tone, they examine this nation to a horse and say that Poseidon is accountable; if any faeces are involuntarily handed, that's frequently 104 bankruptcy six the case as a result of the violence of the illness, the identify of the goddess Enodia is blamed; if the faeces are skinny, like a bird’s, and handed extra usually, it's stated to be from Apollo Nomius; and if the sufferer foams from the mouth and kicks together with his toes, Ares is liable; in the event you panic through the evening, have terrors and delirium, bounce off the bed and get away from the home, they are saying that they're assaulted by means of Hecate or the heroes.

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