By Mark A. Chancey
Studying structure, inscriptions, cash, and artwork from Alexander the Great's conquest until eventually the early fourth century CE, Mark Chancey argues that the level of Greco-Roman tradition for the period of Jesus has usually been drastically exaggerated. Antipas's reign within the early first century was once certainly a time of transition, however the extra dramatic shifts in Galilee's cultural weather occurred within the moment century, after the arriving of a giant Roman garrison. Any try to comprehend the Galilean surroundings of Jesus needs to realize the importance of the region's ancient improvement in addition to how Galilee matches into the bigger context of the Roman East.
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Additional info for Greco-Roman Culture and the Galilee of Jesus (Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series)
Eleven] City-Coins, fifty six.  Marcia Aurelia Antoniana Antipatris (City-Coins, a hundred and fifteen no. 150–152).  Eleutheropolis turned Lucia Septimia numerous Eleutheropolis (City-Coins, 64), and Diospolis (Lod) turned Lucia Septimia numerous (City-Coins, 55).  Ya'akov Meshorer, The Coinage of Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem: Israel Museum, 1989), 62–63; cf. Smallwood, Jews, 492.  Barkay “New Coin forms” and “Coins. ” The towns could have followed those names past, but when so, it's uncertain why they didn't placed the names on their cash till the second one and 3rd centuries.  A. Kindler, The cash of Tiberias (Tiberias: Hamei Tiberia, 1961), 55–57 nos. 3–6; City-Coins, 112–113 nos. 77–80. I interpret the inscriptions as Tiberias Claudiopolis, instead of as Tiberias Claudia (Meshorer's reconstruction) simply because one of many cash less than Trajan reads ΤΙΒΕΡΙΕΩΝ ΚΛΑΔΙΟ (City-Coins, 112 no. 79). A coin from 186 CE has a fuller identify, “Tiberias Claudiopolis that's in Syria Palaestina” (ΤΙΒ ΚΛΑ ΣΡ ΠΑΛ) (City-Coins, 113 no. 85).  Treasury, 106–107, 177–178, 261. Cf. Gaba's renaming itself after Claudius within the first century (City-Coins, 113 no. 96).  On Sepphoris, see dialogue in bankruptcy Six. On Caesarea Philippi, see Treasury, 233 no. 132.  most likely Sepphoris discarded its wartime identify “Neronia” almost immediately after Nero's loss of life and the Roman Senate's proclamation of a damnatio memoriae.  The identify appears to be like on moment- and third-century cash; see dialogue in bankruptcy Six. On literary references to the town, see Tsafrir, Di Segni, and eco-friendly, Tabula Imperii Romani, 227. Like many different urban names followed within the Roman and Byzantine sessions, Diocaesarea could fade from use after the Arab conquest within the 8th century, changed through a Semitic identify, therefore, Saffuriyya.  Ya'akov Meshorer in “Sepphoris and Rome,” in O. Mørkholm and N. M. Waggoner, eds. , Greek Numismatics and Archaeology: Essays in Honor of Margaret Thompson (Belgium: Cultura Press, 1979), 159–171; “Coins of Sepphoris”; City-Coins, 36–37.  Isaac and Roll, “Judaea. ”  although it's always assumed that Greek distance inscriptions on milestones are modern with the first Latin inscriptions, nobody (to my wisdom) has verified this. the truth that the scripts of Greek inscriptions are frequently a lot cruder than these of the Latin inscriptions indicates they're secondary; see Isaac and Roll, “Judaea,” 184 n. 14.  Mary T. Boatwright, Hadrian and the towns of the Roman Empire (Princeton: Princeton college Press, 2000), 138–139.  On Hadrian's benefactions, see Boatwright's very good examine, Hadrian.  The identify Diocaesarea predates Hadrian; a urban in Cilicia and one in Cappadocia followed it within the first century CE (T. S. McKay, “Diocaesarea,” in Richard Stillwell et al. , eds. , The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical websites [Princeton: Princeton collage Press, 1976], 275–276; cf. Jones, towns, seventy four, one hundred eighty, 210–213).  Stephen Mitchell, “Imperial development within the jap Roman Provinces,” HSCP ninety one (1987): 333–365, esp.