By Rosalind B. Brooke
The early historians of the Franciscan order traced the factors of the worries of the order of their time to Elias, a latest and good friend of St Francis and an early Minister normal. Elias used to be blamed for establishing find out how to all relaxations of self-discipline and disrespect of the founder's educating, and all conflicts and persecutions.
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Additional resources for Early Franciscan Government: Elias to Bonaventure (Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought: New Series, Volume 7)
108-10), with none advice that he was once moved in the course of his final days. three 18 I N T R O D U C T I O N : THE NARRATIVE assets one now not hitherto described—it doesn't correspond to both of these in i Celano, notwithstanding it has affinities with either. while analysed it proves to be mainly a summary of the sooner account, yet a summary within which, both through inadvertence or layout, the main points were shaken jointly and a few chosen to make a brand new trend, simply as a lady may well chop up clothing and use items from either to make one new one. The phrases of the caution pertaining to tribulation to return are taken, with merely very moderate adjustments, direct from 1 Celano, 108. an analogous paragraph offers the final strains of the tale: the initiative comes from St Francis, who, a few days ahead of his loss of life, calls the brethren around him and blesses them with phrases and along with his palms. 1 Celano, 109-10 contributes the extension of the blessing to the absent, the implication that where was once the Portiuncula, and the truth that a definite passage from St John's Gospel used to be learn afterwards. the outlet phrases of this passage,1 misquoted within the Vita Prima, are given accurately in 2 Celano. those items of outdated fabric are joined including a few new threads. The blessing of the bread might be a element formerly unknown to the writer; the sermon and the laying of the fitting hand upon each one brother are possibly * improvements'. The final particularly is a hugely inconceivable embellishment—it wouldn't be effortless for a blind guy to the touch a few brothers sitting around him, nonetheless much less as a way to contact them so as, starting together with his vicar. one of the fabric discarded is the precise blessing given to Elias. it really is attainable that Celano had forgotten the precise info of incidents that had occurred 20 years earlier than, and used to be unaware that he had replaced them; it truly is extra possible that he muddled them on function, with the article of constructing Elias inconspicuous with out too evidently contradicting himself. 2 Celano during this example is therefore discredited, however the demeanour of its publicity leaves 1 Celano undamaged. the sooner account used to be written in stipulations markedly beneficial to accuracy, whilst the writer had many self sufficient informants, and no rationale for misrepresentation. For the blessing within the Bishop's Palace he could have had a written resource. The Legenda Neapolitana, notwithstanding prob1 John xiii. 1: 'Ante diem festum Paschae. * THOMAS OF CELANO IO. ably now not compiled until eventually it slow among 1253 and 1255, made use of a manuscript heavily corresponding to 1 Celano, yet with diversifications and additions that recommend an past recension. 1 For the opposite blessing he had the authority of Elias' letter to the Provincial Ministers, written most likely little greater than an afternoon after the occasions it describes. The distinction among the 2 debts of the benefits is an efficient representation of the reality of Lempp's phrases: 'il faut bien que dans l'une ou l'autre des deux vies il ait quelque peu defigure los angeles verite". yet his extra conclusion—that this immediately blackens thoroughly Celano's recognition as an author—is now not justified.