Der Autor zeigt die Entwicklung des Designs von seinen Anfängen im ausgehenden 19. Jahrhundert über die wichtigsten Bewegungen des 20. Jahrhunderts bis hin zur biologischen Wende, die das 21. Jahrhundert bestimmen wird. Die wichtigsten Grundlagen der Designtheorie und -methodologie werden vorgestellt, besonders auch die kommunikativen Funktionen der Produkte.
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Extra resources for Design: The History, Theory and Practice of Product Design
At first of the Nineteen Fifties useful layout was once kind of banned; designers have been to persist with the conventional petty-bourgeois values of the years previous international battle II. for a very long time the traditions of the Bauhaus – geographically inside East Germany – have been nearly taboo. now not until eventually the tip of the Nineteen Sixties did East Germany claim itself the one valid inheritor to the Bauhaus culture and grab at the rules of functionalist layout as a countrywide source for its production region. sufficiency was once the field of funding items. MARTIN KELM, 1991 > G E R M A N D E M O C R AT I C R E P U B L I C The overseas Bauhaus Colloquiums have been initiated in 1976 in Weimar, and persevered in 1979, 1983, and 1986. The papers for those colloquiums handled the historic, social, academic, and foreign repercussions of Bauhaus, and have been released within the educational magazine of the school of structure and development. This openness to theoretical questions of layout grew to become relatively transparent at a seminar on functionalism held in 1982 on the place of work of business layout (AIF) in Berlin (for extra in this see the sequence of articles in shape + zweck , 1982–83). Functionalism was once declared to be the layout precept that almost all heavily corresponded to the residing stipulations of a socialist society. Functionalism, thus, was once understood now not as a class of favor (gray, angular, stackable), yet as a “method of labor” (Blank 1988). In a sequence of lectures on “Postmodernism and Functionalism,” Bruno Flierl (1985) mentioned that the functionalist application – thought and perform – usually lacked harmony of fabric and perfect performance. feedback of functionalism – for instance, in West Germany and Italy – he acknowledged, quick changed into blind antifunctionalism, and used to be hence delinquent and reactionary. Heinz Hirdina (1985) stated that postmodernist layout used to be reactionary as the designed item was once basically inflated – styled – and subjected to a similar mechanisms that utilized in advertisements and packaging. Hirdina believed that the an important issue used to be no longer that postmodernist layout deserted the use–value discourse, yet that it was once evidently built-in into the capitalist rules of commodity aesthetics – manipulation via commodities that quick exit of favor. Horst Oehlke (1982) made vital contributions to layout conception. His profound research of the semantics of layout gadgets – the language of items less than stipulations of socialism – used to be a decisive effect in the back of the reorientation of layout in East Germany (see p. 341). whereas the goods documented by way of Heinz Hirdina (1988) – in hitherto unknown aspect – principally fall into the normal functionalist layout different types, his brief bankruptcy on “Exploration and Experimentation within the Nineteen Eighties” finds new traits, as documented, for instance, through a writing stand through Herbert Pohl that used to be proven within the layout in East Germany exhibition held in 1988 on the Stuttgart layout heart (see p. 340). The powerful export orientation led, nonetheless, to independent layout for items for the family industry, whose unique one hundred and five 106 D E S I G N A N D G L O BA L I Z AT I O N replace DISHES, layout: Barbara Schmidt, Kahla JB 12 BINOCULARS, Jenoptik (Photo: Wolfgang Seibt) > AU S T R I A personality used to be documented in summer time 1989 in an exhibition ( SED – beautiful jap layout ).