Artwork and literature through the ecu fin-de-siècle interval usually manifested topics of degeneration and rot, either one of our bodies and civilizations, in addition to disease, strange sexuality, and normal morbidity. This assortment explores those subject matters relating to artists and writers as assorted as Oscar Wilde, August Strindberg, and Aubrey Beardsley.
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Extra resources for Decadence, Degeneration, and the End: Studies in the European Fin de Siècle
366. 24. J. Prewitt Brown (1997) Cosmopolitan feedback, Oscar Wilde’s Philosophy of artwork (Charlottesville and London: college Press of Virginia), p. fifty one. 25. P. Hunt (1995) Children’s Literature: An Illustrated heritage (Oxford: Oxford collage Press), p. one hundred forty. 26. Pomegranates are featured 3 times within the “Fisherman and his Soul” and as soon as in “The Birthday of the Infanta. ” 27. C. Morel (2004) Dictionnaire des symboles, mythes et croyances (Paris: l’Archipel), p. 445. 28. Wilde have been enthusiastic about Catholicism ever in view that youth. ahead of he died, he was once switched over to Catholicism, in keeping with Robert Ross: “I then went looking for a clergyman, and after nice hassle discovered Father Cuthbert Dunne of the Passionists, who got here with me instantly and administered Baptism and severe Unction. ” Robert Ross to extra Adey, December 14, 1900, in O. Wilde (2002) Letters of Oscar Wilde, ed. R. Hart-Davis (Ware: Wordsworth), p. 854. 29. Walter Pater (1839–1894) used to be an English critic and historian who inspired the classy circulate. His principles have been thought of risky by means of the institution after the ebook of The Renaissance and its recognized end that seemed like a choice for hedonism: “To burn continuously with this difficult, gem-like flame, to take care of this ecstasy, is good fortune in existence. ” W. Pater (1873) The Renaissance: experiences in paintings and Poetry (London: MacMillan and Co), p. 210. 30. See www. punch. photoshelter. com for the magazine’s cartoons taunting Oscar Wilde, together with the recognized one in all Wilde as a sunflower in a vase with the caption: “ ‘O, i believe simply as chuffed as a brilliant Sunflower! ’ Lays of Christy Minstrelsy. ” revealed in London’s Punch on June 25, 1881. DECADENCE AND REGENERATION eighty one 31. J. E. Bauer (1993) “The Saint and the Dandy: Oscar Wilde’s Aestheticism and the Transformation of faith” (paper offered at a 1993 convention on the London college of Economics), consulted on http://www. cesnur. org/2003/bauer_wilde. htm on February 2010. 32. R. Ellmann (1988) Oscar Wilde (London: Penguin), p. one hundred thirty. 33. M. Cazamian (1935) Le Roman et les idées en Angleterre, l’AntiIntellectualisme et l’esthétisme, 1880–1900 (Paris: Les Belles Lettres), p. forty six. 34. C. Rancy (1982) Fantastique et décadence en Angleterre (1890–1914) (Paris: Éditions du CNRS), p. 6. 35. on the finish of the story, sweet-scented white plants begin to develop the place the Fisherman and his mermaid have been buried, a transparent signal of a presence past the grave. 36. The little Infanta’s mom was once embalmed after her dying: “and her physique used to be nonetheless mendacity on its tapestried bier within the black marble chapel of the Palace simply because the priests had borne her in on that windy March day, approximately twelve years sooner than” (BI 74–75). 37. “And the imaginative and prescient of Guido’s St Sebastian got here earlier than my eyes as I observed him at Genoa, a stunning brown boy, with crisp, clustering hair and purple lips, certain via his evil enemies to a tree and, although pierced via arrows, elevating his eyes with divine, impassioned gaze in the direction of the everlasting great thing about the hole Heavens. ” S. Mason (1914) Bibliography of Oscar Wilde (London: T.