Download E-books Consciousness: A Very Short Introduction PDF

"The final nice secret for science," cognizance has turn into a debatable subject. Consciousness: a really brief Introduction demanding situations readers to re-examine key strategies akin to character, unfastened will, and the soul. How can a actual mind create our event of the realm? What creates our id? can we particularly have unfastened will? might cognizance itself be an phantasm? interesting new advancements in mind technological know-how are commencing up those debates, and the sphere has now increased to incorporate biologists, neuroscientists, psychologists, and philosophers. This booklet clarifies the doubtless complicated arguments and obviously describes the key theories, with illustrations and full of life cartoons to assist clarify the experiments. subject matters comprise imaginative and prescient and a focus, theories of self, experiments on motion and understanding, altered states of awareness, and the results of mind harm and medicine. This vigorous, enticing, and authoritative e-book offers a transparent review of the topic that mixes the views of philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience--and serves as a much-needed release pad for extra exploration of this complex and unsolved issue.

About the sequence: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and elegance, Very brief Introductions offer an creation to a few of life's finest issues. Written by means of specialists for the newcomer, they exhibit the best modern brooding about the crucial difficulties and matters in countless numbers of key subject matters, from philosophy to Freud, quantum concept to Islam.

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Study on animal minds is reviewed in M. D. Hauser, Wild Minds: What Animals rather imagine (New York: Henry Holt and Co. ; London: Penguin, 2000). awareness For memes, see R. A. Aunger (ed. ), Darwinizing tradition: The prestige of Memetics as a technology (Oxford: Oxford collage Press, 2000) and S. J. Blackmore, The Meme computer (Oxford: Oxford collage Press, 1999). a hundred and forty Index physique picture 110–11 mind test 21, 23, sixty four, eighty four, ninety three mind measurement 17 mind stem 70 Broca’s sector eighty three, eighty four Buddha sixty eight Buddhism three, sixty eight, 111–14 package concept 67–8, seventy three, seventy four A entry realization eight agnosia 28 alcohol 26, a hundred, a hundred and five alien abduction 104 altered nation of realization 99–115 substitute treatment four ambiguous figures 23 amnesia 26–7 amphetamines one hundred and five anaesthetic seventy five, 104–5 anterior cingulate cortex eighty three, eighty four apes 17, 120–3 artificial intelligence sixty five astral projection 108 Atman sixty eight recognition 37, 40–1, forty five, 62–3, seventy nine, 112 highlight of forty, forty five, forty six, eighty, 129 C hashish 106–7 Cartesian dualism four, 15 materialism sixteen theatre 15–16, 35, forty seven, 50, eighty one Chalmers, David 4–5, 10, 23 switch blindness 58–61, 129 chaos eighty five young children 20, 121, 123 Christianity three, sixty eight, 112 Churchland, Patricia five, 10, 35 cingulate cortex 21 cocaine one hundred and five co-consciousness seventy six desktops 132 confabulation seventy two attention, entry eight altered nation of 99–115 animal 116–23 co- seventy six contents of 14, 18 definition of 6–8, 27 hold up in 33–6 evolution of one, nine, eleven, 116–33 functionality of 123 as phantasm 1, eight, nine, 132–3 neuronal adequacy for 34 B Baars, Bernard 44–5, forty six, eighty backward referral 34 bat 6–7, 116, 131 Beauchamp, Christine 75–6 binocular competition 23 Bisiach, Edoardo 25 blind spot 55–7 blindness 24, 30–2 swap 58–61, 129 inattentional 62–3 blindsight 30–2 Block, Ned eight 141 drugs 17, 104–8 dualism three, four, 19, 35, 36, forty three, sixty seven, 88, 126 Cartesian four, 15 dualist interactionism forty three cognizance neural correlates of (NCC) 20–4, sixty four out of the ordinary eight strength of 12, fifty two, eighty two, 89–90 kingdom of 77–8 movement of 14, sixteen, 27, 37–9, forty two, 47–9, seventy nine, 129 theatre of 13–16, 18–19, 37–9, forty two, forty five, 47–9, eighty, 129 solidarity of 17–19, forty four, seventy nine, 89 corpus callosum 70 correlation and reason 21 creativity 12, fifty two Crick, Francis 23–4, sixty four cutaneous rabbit 38–9 E effortless difficulties four Eccles, Sir John 35, forty three, 88 Edelman, Gerald forty five, forty seven ego thought 67–8, seventy four, seventy eight, seventy nine electroencephalogram (EEG) 86–7 electromyogram (EMG) 86–7 emotion 53–4, seventy two, eighty four endorphins one hundred and five, one hundred ten enlightenment sixty eight, 114 epilepsy 26, 70 epiphenomenalism thirteen, a hundred twenty five evoked capability 34–5 evolution fifty five of realization 1, nine, eleven, 116–33 unprecedented human event 108 explanatory hole 2 D Damasio, Antonio fifty three, sixty four, eighty Darwin, Charles a hundred and twenty, 124 Dawkins, Marian Stamp 119–20 Dawkins, Richard 127 hold up in recognition 33–6 fable thirteen, 129, 131–3 Dennett, Daniel 10, 15–16, 35, forty seven, forty nine, 56–7, eighty one, ninety four Descartes, René four, five, sixteen, fifty three, 88, 119 determinism 84–5 dissociation 75–8 dorsolateral prefrontal cortex eighty four desires fifty seven, 99–104 lucid 101–3 retro-selection conception of 103 riding 41–2, forty four, forty eight, sixty one subconscious 41–2, forty four F Faraday, Michael 90–2, ninety six filling-in 56–8, eighty fovea fifty seven loose will forty four, 82–98 as phantasm eighty five, 89 as magic 88 frontal cortex forty two, fifty four, eighty three functionalism nine, 31 142 G attention as 1, eight, nine, 132–3 definition of 50–2 unfastened will as eighty five, 89 grand 50–66 of keep watch over ninety four self as sixty eight, 114, 132–3 visible fifty one implicit processing fifty three inattentional blindness 62–3 incubation 52–3 intentional stance 94–5, 119 instinct fifty three Islam three, sixty eight, 127 Gallup, Gordon 120–2 Gazzaniga, Michael 70 ghosts ninety five worldwide workspace thought 44–6, eighty God 108 gods ninety five Grand phantasm idea 129 Greenfield, Susan forty five Gregory, Richard fifty seven gray Walter, William ninety four H J James, William 14, forty, fifty five, sixty three, seventy six, 79–80 Judaism sixty eight ok koan 114, 133 Korsakoff’s syndrome 26–7 L language seventy two, 80–1, 122–3, 131–2 Levin, Daniel 60–1, sixty three Libet, Benjamin 33–7, forty four, forty eight, 86–90 existence after loss of life sixty eight limbic method 26, eighty Logothetis, Nikos 23 LSD 107 lucid goals 101–3 I idealism four phantasm benign person eighty one wide awake will as 93–8 143 Index hallucinations 17, seventy eight, ninety two, 105–6 hallucinogens 105–8 Hameroff, Stuart forty four demanding challenge 1, four, 7, 8–9, 22, 36, sixty five, 126 therapeutic 12 hemifield forget 24–5 higher-order proposal conception (HOT) forty four Hilgard, Ernest 77–8, eighty Hinduism sixty eight, 111 hippocampus 26 Hume, David sixty seven, eighty four Humphrey, Nicholas 125–6 Huxley, Aldous 107 hypnosis 74–8, a hundred Consciousness M neo-dissociation thought seventy eight neural correlates of recognition (NCC) 20–24, sixty four, 132 of self sixty seven, 132 neural networks 15 neuronal adequacy for realization 34 new age three nitrous oxide 104 Noë, Alva Mack, Arien sixty two magic distinction 19, 24, forty three, forty four, 131 magic eighty five, ninety five, ninety seven materialism four, 6, 22, 31, 35 Cartesian sixteen Maury, Alfred 103 McGinn, Colin 7 meditation forty four, sixty eight, 111–15, 132–3 Transcendental 112 mediums seventy five, ninety one memes 123, 126–8, 132 reminiscence 26–8, 60, eighty psychological field concept 89 mescaline 107–8 Mesmerism seventy five microtubules forty four mind-body challenge 2, 6 mindfulness 132–3 replicate self-recognition 120–3 monism four monkeys 23 Monroe, Marilyn 56–7 motor cortex 33, forty two, 82–3, ninety three a number of drafts thought forty seven a number of character 75–6, eighty mysterianism 7, forty seven mystical event a hundred, 104, 107–8, 111, 114 O O’Regan, Kevin sixty four previous Hag 102–4 Ouija board ninety two, ninety six out-of-body event 108–11 P Pahnke, Walter 108 discomfort three, five, 20–22, seventy five, seventy eight, eighty four in animals 119 panpsychism 117 paralysis 24 sleep 102–4, 108 paranormal ninety five Parfit, Derek sixty seven, seventy three parietal cortex 29, eighty three Penrose, Sir Roger 35, forty four extra special realization eight phenomenality 7, eight, 12 pineal gland four, five Pinker, Stephen eight, ninety five Popper, Sir Karl 35, forty three, 88 Povinelli, Daniel 122 prefrontal cortex 82–3 Prince, Morton seventy five N Nagel, Thomas 6–8 normal choice 124 near-death event 110–11 Necker dice 22–3 one hundred forty four Q qualia three, four, 7, nine, 10, 31, forty seven quantum mechanics 2, forty four quantum thought 35, 36, eighty five R Ramachandran, Vilayanur S.

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