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By Mario Bertolotti

The ebook describes from a historic standpoint how cosmic rays have been came upon. The booklet describes the examine in cosmic rays. the focus is on how the information used to be won, describing the most experiments and the conclusions drawn. Biographical

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7. 2 The Rossi Curve .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. three the translation of Showers and the improvement of Quantum Electrodynamics .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. four Heisenberg’s Explosion concept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 127 129 The Muon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . eight. 1 creation .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . eight. 2 whatever doesn't healthy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . eight. three extra at the Quantum concept and the power Loss via quick debris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . eight. four the road and Stevenson Experiment.. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . eight. five Neddermeyer and Anderson Measurements . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . eight. 6 The Theoretical Prediction of the life of Mesons .. . . . . . . . . . . eight. 7 The Experimental Discovery of the Muon Decay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . eight. eight that are the goods of Muon Decay? . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . eight. nine The Leptons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . one hundred forty five one hundred forty five 146 132 a hundred and forty 141 147 151 152 158 one hundred sixty 167 169 172 Contents nine xiii the invention of the   Meson, the Nuclear Emulsions, and the 1st “Strange” debris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . nine. 1 creation. The mu Mesons Are fairly unusual .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . nine. 2 a brand new strong research strategy: Nuclear Emulsions .. . . . . . nine. three the invention of the   Meson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . nine. four the celebrities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . nine. five The impartial Mesons .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . nine. 6 The Lambda Meson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . nine. 7 the hot debris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . one hundred seventy five one hundred seventy five one hundred eighty 184 189 192 193 193 2 hundred 10 The prolonged Showers .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. 1 creation .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. 2 the invention of prolonged Atmospheric Showers, EAS . . . . . . . . . . 10. three The development of enormous Detectors for the prolonged Showers. . . . . . . 10. four the ambience can be used as a Detector. Why no longer? .. . . . . . . . . . 10. five The Auger Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. 6 Is There a restrict to the strength of the first Cosmic Ray? .. . . . . . 10. 7 What concerning the Future?.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 205 207 210 217 221 223 224 225 eleven The Neutrino or, extra accurately, the Neutrinos: Elusive and peculiar debris, capable of Arrive from Very far-off . . . . . . . . . . . . . eleven. 1 advent .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . eleven. 2 The Neutrino Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .

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