Download E-books The Abacus and the Cross: The Story of the Pope Who Brought the Light of Science to the Dark Ages PDF

By Nancy Marie Brown

The medieval Catholic Church, broadly thought of a resource of intolerance and inquisitorial fervor, used to be no longer anti-science in the course of the darkish Ages—in truth, the pope within the 12 months a thousand was once the prime mathematician and astronomer of his day. referred to as “The Scientist Pope,” Gerbert of Aurillac rose from peasant beginnings to steer the church. via turns a instructor, traitor, kingmaker, and visionary, Gerbert is the 1st Christian identified to coach math utilizing the 9 Arabic numerals and zero.

In The Abacus and the Cross, Nancy Marie Brown skillfully explores the hot studying Gerbert dropped at Europe. a desirable narrative of 1 impressive math instructor, The Abacus and the Cross will captivate readers of heritage, technology, and faith alike.

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Download E-books Lords and Lordship in the British Isles in the Late Middle Ages PDF

It really is popular that political, fiscal, and social strength within the British Isles within the heart a while lay within the arms of a small team of domini-lords. In his ultimate ebook, the past due Sir Rees Davies explores the personalities of those magnates, the character in their lordship, and the ways that it was once expressed in a various and divided sector within the interval 1272-1422.

Although their correct to rule used to be not often puzzled, the lords flaunted their id and superiority during the merchandising of heraldic lore, using increased different types of deal with, and by means of the extravagant reveal in their wealth and tool. Their family regimen, furniture, costume, nutrition, creative personal tastes, and interests all referred to a way of life of privilege and authority. war used to be a continuing point of their lives, affording entry to riches and attractiveness, but in addition wearing the risk of seize, damage or even loss of life, whereas their enthusiasm for crusades and tournaments testified to their power and bellicose tendencies.

Above all, underpinning the lords' keep watch over of land was once their keep watch over of men-a complicated procedure of dependence and gift that Davies restores to valuable value by way of learning the British Isles as an entire. The workout and event of lordship was once way more different than the English version by myself could suggest.

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Download E-books L'Imaginaire médiéval : Essais PDF

By Jacques Le Goff

Si toute société, toute époque a son imaginaire, certaines semblent en receler plus que d'autres ou lui donner une significance plus grande. Ainsi en allait-il des hommes et des femmes de l'Occident médiéval. Immergés dans un monde de réalités cachées qu'ils considéraient comme plus réelles et plus vraies que celles saisies par leurs sens extérieurs, ils se nourrissaient de cet imaginaire que leur fournissaient les sens intérieurs dont l'Église leur enseignait qu'ils leur apportaient les messages de Dieu - à moins que devil ne se fût glissé en eux.
On verra ici, dans ce «long» Moyen Âge qui pour Jacques Le Goff aborde jusqu'à nos rivages, l'univers a number of et conflictuel du merveilleux, les pictures de l'espace et du temps de l'ici-bas et de l'au-delà, les représentations du corps et leur saisie par l'idéologie, les codes symboliques et les métaphores littéraires qui ont permis de penser le monde et l. a. société. Les attitudes à l'égard des rêves fournissent un observatoire privilégié : d'une Antiquité passionnée par l'oniromancie, remark est-on passé à los angeles révolution répressive que le christianisme a fait subir à l'interprétation des rêves et quels enjeux de fond révèle leur retour en strength à partir du XIIe siècle ? Et, à l. a. suite du Marc Bloch des Rois thaumaturges, quelle position faire à l'imaginaire dans le retour à l'histoire politique de l'anthropologie historique ?
L'imaginaire, un des grands acteurs de l'histoire.

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Download E-books The Italian Encounter with Tudor England: A Cultural Politics of Translation (Cambridge Studies in Renaissance Literature and Culture) PDF

By Michael Wyatt

The small yet influential neighborhood of Italians in England in the course of the 15th century before everything consisted of ecclesiastics, humanists, retailers, bankers, and artists. despite the fact that, within the wake of the English Reformation, Italian Protestants joined different continental non secular refugees find Tudor England to be a hospitable and efficient haven. Michael Wyatt examines the enterprise of this moving group of immigrant Italians within the transmission of Italy's cultural patrimony and its effect at the nascent English country, in addition to the exemplary profession of John Florio, the Italo-Englishman who was once a language instructor, lexicographer, and translator in Elizabethan and Jacobean England.

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Download E-books Moral Dilemmas in Medieval Thought: From Gratian to Aquinas PDF

By M. V. Dougherty

The background of ethical problem concept usually ignores the medieval interval, overlooking the subtle theorizing via numerous thinkers who debated the lifestyles of ethical dilemmas from 1150 to 1450. during this e-book Michael V. Dougherty bargains a wealthy and engaging evaluate of the debates that have been pursued through medieval philosophers, theologians and canon attorneys, illustrating his dialogue with a various variety of examples of the ethical dilemmas which they thought of. He indicates that a lot of what turns out specific to twentieth-century ethical conception was once recognized in the past - specifically the view of a few medieval thinkers that a few kinds of wrongdoing are inescapable, and their emphasis at the precept 'choose the lesser of 2 evils'. His e-book should be useful not just to complex scholars and experts of medieval idea, but additionally to these drawn to the background of ethics.

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Download E-books Baudolino PDF

By Umberto Eco

It is April 1204, and Constantinople, the luxurious capital of the Byzantine Empire, is being sacked and burned by means of the knights of the Fourth campaign. Amid the carnage and confusion, one Baudolino saves a historian and excessive courtroom legitimate from sure dying by the hands of the crusading warriors and proceeds to inform his personal fantastical story.

Born an easy peasant in northern Italy, Baudolino has significant gifts-a expertise for studying languages and a ability in telling lies. whilst nonetheless a boy he meets a overseas commander within the woods, captivating him along with his quickly wit and energetic brain. The commander-who proves to be Emperor Frederick Barbarossa-adopts Baudolino and sends him to the college in Paris, the place he makes a couple of fearless, adventurous friends.

Spurred on by means of myths and their very own reveries, this merry band units out looking for Prester John, a mythical priest-king acknowledged to rule over an enormous nation within the East-a phantasmagorical land of odd creatures with eyes on their shoulders and mouths on their stomachs, of eunuchs, unicorns, and beautiful maidens.

With astonishing digressions, outrageous methods, remarkable feeling, and vicarious reflections on our postmodern age, this is often Eco the storyteller at his significant best.

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Download E-books Peasants and Production in the Medieval North-East: The Evidence from Tithes, 1270-1536 (Regions and Regionalism in History) PDF

By Ben Dodds

The peasant financial system in north-east England, and certainly through the nation as an entire, underwent many alterations in the course of the later heart a while, yet because of the shortcoming of facts it's been tricky to come back to convinced conclusions. This pioneering survey makes use of formerly unexploited resources, largely from tithe information, to provide new interpretations of the styles for swap and the scope for adaptability. the writer argues that the peasant financial system during this quarter of britain used to be profoundly suffering from conflict within the early fourteenth century after which illness with the arriving of the Black loss of life in 1349, calling into query the orthodox theories of overpopulation in explaining the 'crisis' of the past due heart a long time: even at its medieval top, the inhabitants of northeast England was once sparse by way of comparability with parts extra south. Nor did the provision of land and more desirable residing criteria bring about demographic restoration within the 15th and early 16th centuries. He additionally exhibits that regardless of their vulnerability to crises, peasant cultivators have been hugely attentive to switch. faraway from being primitive subsistence farmers oblivious to the marketplace and its signs, medieval peasants within the Durham zone have been sophisticated and profitable decision-makers concerning the creation and advertising in their output. BEN DODDS is Lecturer in background on the collage of Durham.

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Download E-books Stadtluft macht frei. Leben in der mittelalterlichen Stadt PDF

By Jörg Schwarz

Seit dem eleven. Jahrhundert entstanden aus Siedlungen rund um Burgen und Klöster neue Städte. Immer mehr Leibeigene aus der Umgebung setzen sich in diese Orte ab. Dort waren sie für ihre Grundherren meist unauffindbar. Es entstand der Rechtsbrauch: Ein Leibeigener in einer Stadt konnte nach Jahr und Tag nicht mehr von seinem Grundherrn zurückgefordert werden. Stadtluft machte alsoim wahrsten Sinn des Wortes frei.Jörg Schwarz zeichnet ein anschauliches Bild der mittelalterlichen Stadt. Wer lebte dort? Welche sozialen Gruppen gab es? Wer regierte und welche Rolle spielte das Bürgertum dabei? Wer zählte zu den Außenseitern? used to be leistete die Stadt für ihre Bewohner und wo lagen ihre Probleme? Paradebeispiel in der Darstellung ist die Stadt Köln, doch der Blick geht auch immer wieder auf andere Städte und über den deutschen Tellerrand hinaus.

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