By Lukas Thommen
In historical Greece and Rome an ambiguous courting constructed among guy and nature, and this decisively made up our minds the style within which they handled the surroundings. at the one hand, nature used to be conceived as an area characterised and inhabited via divine powers, which deserved acceptable appreciate. at the different, a rationalist view emerged, in accordance with which people have been to subdue nature utilizing their applied sciences and to put off its assets. This ebook systematically describes the ways that the Greeks and Romans intervened within the atmosphere and hence lines the background of the strain among the exploitation of assets and the security of nature, from early Greece to the interval of past due antiquity. whilst it analyses the excellent beginning up of the Mediterranean and the northern frontier areas, either for cost and for monetary task. The book's point and technique make it hugely available to scholars and non-specialists.
By Martha C. Nussbaum
The Epicureans, Skeptics, and Stoics practiced philosophy no longer as a indifferent highbrow self-discipline, yet as a sophisticated artwork of grappling with problems with day-by-day and pressing human value: the phobia of loss of life, love and sexuality, anger and aggression. Like drugs, philosophy to them was once a rigorous technological know-how aimed either at knowing and at generating the flourishing of human existence. during this enticing e-book, Martha Nussbaum examines texts of philosophers devoted to a healing paradigm--including Epicurus, Lucretius, Sextus Empiricus, Chrysippus, and Seneca--and recovers a necessary resource for our ethical and political idea this day. This version contains a new creation via Nussbaum, during which she revisits the subjects of this now vintage work.
By René Girard
His interesting and impressive publication offers a completely constructed idea of violence because the 'heart and mystery soul' of the sacred. Girard's fertile, combative brain hyperlinks fable to prophetic writing, primitive religions to classical tragedy.
By Lucien Jerphagnon
On avait exterminé sa famille entière, puis il avait été relégué dans un lointain palais. Bref, le très chrétien Constance n'avait rien négligé pour évincer Julien de los angeles pourpre de ses ancêtres. Le voilà pourtant empereur de Rome et converti en mystery aux dieux païens. los angeles saga noire d'une dynastie, hantée de monstres froids, de prélats doubles, de barbouzes et de philosophes arrivistes est racontée ici au jour le jour. Lucien Jerphagnon joint à l'érudition un infrequent expertise d'évocation. En entreprenant cette réhabilitation de l'empereur Julien, il réussit un modèle de biographie.
This sourcebook incorporates a wealthy and obtainable collection of Roman unique resources in translation starting from the Regal interval via Republican and Imperial Rome to the overdue Empire and the arrival of Christianity. From Roman goddesses to mortal girls, imperial girls to slaves and prostitutes, the quantity brings new views to the examine of Roman women's lives. Literary resources contain works by way of Livy, Catullus, Ovid, Juvenal and so on. feedback for additional examining, a normal bibliography, and an index of old authors and works also are included.
By Peter J. Ahrensdorf
During this e-book, Peter Ahrensdorf examines Sophocles' robust research of a principal query of political philosophy and a perennial query of political existence: should still voters and leaders govern political society by way of the sunshine of unaided human cause or spiritual religion? via a clean exam of Sophocles' undying masterpieces - Oedipus the Tyrant, Oedipus at Colonus, and Antigone - Ahrensdorf deals a sustained problem to the present view, championed via Nietzsche in his assault on Socratic rationalism, that Sophocles is an opponent of rationalism. Ahrensdorf argues that Sophocles is a certainly philosophical philosopher and a rationalist, albeit person who advocates a wary political rationalism. Such rationalism constitutes a center manner among an excessive political rationalism that dismisses faith - exemplified in Oedipus the Tyrant - and a piety that rejects cause - exemplified through Oedipus at Colonus. Ahrensdorf concludes with an incisive research of Nietzsche, Socrates, and Aristotle on tragedy and philosophy. He argues, opposed to Nietzsche, that the rationalism of Socrates and Aristotle contains a profound expertise of the tragic measurement of human lifestyles and for this reason resembles in primary methods the somber and humane rationalism of Sophocles.
By Georges Dumézil
Depuis trente ans, Georges Dumézil detect l. a. plus ancienne pensée des Romains sous un éclairage doublement nouveau. D'une half beaucoup de strategies, de varieties divins, de cultes sont le prolongement de représentations et de pratiques déjà indo-européennes, conservées aussi chez d'autres peuples de l. a. famille. D'autre half, les créations, propres à Rome, loin de relever d'une mentalité balbutiante, se situent à un honorable niveau de réflexion. l. a. démonstration d'ensemble a été donnée en 1966 pour les faits proprement religieux, dans los angeles faith romaine archaïque et pour los angeles pseudo-histoire des origines, en 1968, dans Mythe et Épopée, I. Elle doit être étendue à quantité de issues de droit, d'institutions, de traditions, bref à beaucoup d'«idées», et dans l. a. faith même, plusieurs divinités doivent être étudiées de plus près. C'est l. a. matière des trois groupes d'articles, en grande partie récrits, qui forment ce recueil.
Deuxième édition en 1979.
By Catherine Osborne
This precise ebook demanding situations the conventional contrast among eros, the affection present in Greek notion, and agape, the affection attribute of Christianity. targeting a few vintage texts, together with Plato's Symposium and Lysis, Aristotle's Ethics and Metaphysics,, and well-known passages in Gregory of Nyssa, Origen, Dionysius the Areopagite, Plotinus, Augustine, and Thomas Aquinas, the writer exhibits that Plato's account of eros isn't based on self-interest. during this method, she restores where of erotic love as a Christian motif, and unravels a few longstanding confusions in philosophical discussions of love.
By Stephen E. Kidd
This publication examines the idea that of 'nonsense' in historic Greek concept and makes use of it to discover the comedies of the 5th and fourth centuries BCE. If 'nonsense' (phluaria, lēros) is one of those language felt to be unworthy of interpretation, it may possibly support to outline sure facets of comedy that experience proved tough to understand. now not least is the recurrent belief that even if the comedian style should be significant (i.e. include political views, ethical sentiments and aesthetic tastes), a few of it's only 'foolery' or 'fun'. yet what precisely is that this 'foolery', this a part of comedy which allegedly lies past the scope of significant interpretation? the answer's to be present in the idea that of 'nonsense': by way of studying the ways that comedy doesn't suggest, the genre's courting to critical that means (whether it's political, aesthetic, or ethical) will be considered in a clearer gentle.
The Clitophon, a discussion in general ascribed to Plato, is important for concentrating on Socrates' position as an exhorter of alternative humans to interact in philosophy. this can be the 1st severe version to be released in approximately seventy years and the 1st ever observation in English. Professor Slings offers a textual content in line with new exam of all suitable manuscripts and accompanies it with a translation. The ebook additionally features a very broad advent and remark.