By Joseph Byrne
What was once a mark? Livery of seisin? Letters patent? This awesome Dictionary of Irish neighborhood heritage could be capable of let you know.
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Extra info for Byrne's Dictionary of Irish Local History: From Earliest Times to C. 1900
46–57. ) pleasant society. With their guild-like constitution and, in a few situations, quasi-masonic rituals and regalia, pleasant societies emerged within the eighteenth and 19th centuries as mutual-aid institutions to guard individuals opposed to bills incurred via disorder and demise. Many hired medical professionals to supply unfastened scientific awareness to individuals and their households, coated funeral costs and paid loss of life gain to the bereaved. individuals contributed their dues at weekly conferences that have been additionally vital social events. In 1831 there have been over 280 registered pleasant societies in eire, 119 of which have been situated in Dublin. the recognition of the pleasant society used to be boosted by means of the advent of the nationwide assurance Act (1911) which legislated for ailing profit and outdated age pensions for employees who paid an coverage stamp. The act approved registered pleasant societies to gather nationwide coverage funds and to exploit them to reinforce society advantages. After the 1st international struggle the expanding involvement of the country in welfare concerns and the expansion of insurance firms diminished the significance of pleasant societies however the help they supplied to participants remains to be provided via exchange and credits unions and in-house corporation clinical reduction schemes. (Buckley and Anderson, Brotherhoods. ) frist. To supply a hold up or respite to a debtor so that he may perhaps repay what he owes. fuidhir. (Ir. ) In Gaelic society, a ‘stranger-tenant’, frequently an outlaw or ‘broken guy’ who got here from one other tribe and sought the security of the manager. even supposing he can be granted livestock and land, his used to be a tenancy-at-will and will be distributed with summarily. inside Gaelic society he occupied the bottom strata and was once despised through different tribesmen. fulacht fia. (Ir. , roasted deer) Recognisable through mounds of burnt stones in marshy destinations, fulachtaí fia are old cooking spots on the websites the place summer time looking events bivouacked. and they include dug-out trunks or plank-lined pits the place water used to be heated by way of scorching stones. complete. To cleanse, thicken and melt woollen fabric via washing, shrinking and beating it with wood mallets or hazel rods, operating with the palms or trampling to go away a quick pile around the floor. fuller’s earth. A hydrous silicate of alumina hired within the detoxing of fabric. fulling mill. A riverine mill the place textile used to be thickened and cleansed, examples of that are recorded in eire as early because the 13th century. funeral entries. The files of funerals of deceased contributors of households who have been entitled to endure heraldic palms. They shape a part of the heraldic files of the Ulster King of hands (since 1943 the Genealogical workplace) and include a checklist of the identify and factor of deceased folks, illustrations in their palms and info of the order of funeral processions for the interval 1588 to 1691. The genealogical fabric inside the funeral entries was once very important for fingers have been hereditary and such files have been valuable in situations of dispute. The funeral entries are held by way of the Genealogical place of work and come on microfilm within the nationwide Library.